In encoding process, the sender must use certain symbols, signs, words, actions, pictures, audio-visuals etc. Another disadvantage of this medium is that unless it is very interesting, it fails to arrest and sustain the interests of people for longer durations. Communication that involves neither written nor spoken words, but often occurs with another aspect of communication is called non-verbal communication.
Unless we know how we are received by others, it is meaningless to think that our act of communication has been successful. This, results in the members of a particular family are taught their native language from their birth itself.
DISTANCE Horizontal distance Schwebal and Cherlin found that elementary school children seated in the front row were attentive and were evaluated more positively by their teachers than were students who sat in the middle and back rows.
The language we use should be simple enough for the receiver to understand the message intended but at the same time it should not be jerky.
If very important part of the learning in the class is dependent on student interaction with other students, the modular arrangement may be preferable. Face to face communication involves expressions and gestures which make the act of communication very effective.
Nonverbal communication also relates to the intent of a message. Some messages are also unintentionally sent. This suggests free choice as better solution. This zone is reserved for those with whom one is intimate.
Male teachers with the same vocal characteristics are often perceived as being older, more unyielding, and cantankerous. How can this information be of use to a teacher. Audio Visul Communication Audio-visual communication is useful and effective for mass publicity and mass education.
In an assertive sentence we follow the normal sentence pattern Rahim is a sincere boy but in an interrogative sentence we have an inverse order Is Rahim a sincere boy. This model is usually too simple to capture FtF interactions but can be usefully applied to computer-mediated communication.
When required, the duration of the conversation should be increased with due permission from the co-participant as the other person may not be in a position to listen to us for more than particular spell of time.
Examples of nonverbal communication include haptic communicationchronemic communicationgesturesbody languagefacial expressionseye contactand how one dresses. In its application, it means a common ground of understanding.
Oral communication requires the presence and simultaneous attention of both the persons. To understand the impact of space on classroom communication we need to distinguish between territoriality and personal space. The three models of communication we will discuss are the transmission, interaction, and transaction models.
Information or instructions can be conveyed by a memo. In the first sentence I want to assert that nobody can beat Sachin, though it looks like a question.
When the interview is reproduced in the electronic or written format, it has to be clear, self-contained and complete in all respects so that it serves the purpose for which it had been conceived.
On the other hand, the disciplinarian can put this information to use in order to gain psychological advantage over an unruly student.
One to many Invitations, pamphlets, posters, poems, stories, novels, articles, books d Official correspondence In oral communication, the speaker gets quick response by the listener, the reason being the speaker and the listener will be face-to-face.
Encoding — The process of conversion of the subject matter into symbols is called encoding. Pictures, maps, charts etc. However, small children have not yet learned to do so. The first two models we will discuss, the transmission model and the interaction model, include the following parts: There are several reasons as to why non-verbal communication plays a vital role in communication: Only large organizations and governments can spare their resources to go for audio-visual productions.
Hence care should be taken to see that there is not any scope for information gaps. In such situation the pattern will be as given in One Way communication and when mutual chance is given to the listener, the pattern is similar to two way communication.
Non-verbal communication occurs even when there is no verbal communication. Dyadic Communication Though it is possible for us to talk to ourselves, we hardly take recourse to such form of communication. Interpersonal communication is an interactive process of sending and receiving verbal and non-verbal messages that eventually results in understanding of meanings.
(Robbin and Coulter ) Communication process Communication involves the following elements: sender, message, encoding, channel, receiver, decoding, feedback and noise. The message is the verbal or nonverbal content being conveyed from sender to receiver. For example, when you say “Hello!” to your friend, you are sending a message of greeting that will be received by your friend.
Feedback and context help make the interaction model a more useful illustration of the communication process, but the. Communication is thus a process by which meaning is assigned and conveyed in an attempt to create shared understanding.
Language is the most important tool of verbal communication and it is the area where cultural difference play its role.
The communication process begins with the sender, who is also called the communicator or source. The sender has some kind of information—a command, request, question, or idea—that he or she wants to present to others.
INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION WESTLEY AND MACLEAN’S MODEL OF COMMUNICATION Introduction: Communication is not a one way process.
If it‘s behaved like that, it will lose its strength. For example: Audience or receiver who listening a. INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION Chapter Outline. Introduction Objectives During feedback the direction of the communication process is reversed.
expressions, movements, clothing and so on, though we do not speak. Thus communications through words are called Verbal Communication; communications through symbols are called non-verbal.An introduction to the process of verbal communication